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The plants are used for cosmetics, skincare and fragrances

In the beauty industry, the plants are used for cosmetics, skincare and fragrances. Herbal cosmetics is growing all over the world. They are considered to be highly effective in beauty treatments with no side effects. Plants are a source of oils used as moisturisers in a variety of products.

Essential oils

Wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox) originally comes from Japan and China, and has been cultivated there for over a thousand years. It has been used for essential oils, cosmetics, perfumes, and aromatherapy. These are also used for culinary and medicinal purposes.

Used to fragrance beauty products

Wintersweet, lavender, lemongrass, basil, oregano and myrrh. Vanilla is one of the most important ingredients in perfumery. Avocado oil, which penetrates human skin readily, is added to products such as moisturising creams. Lavender has been used to scent linens and clothes.

Used in exfoliating scrubs

Other plant products are selected for their physical properties. Oats and rice are used in exfoliating scrubs.

Hair removal

sugar cane is used for hair removal.

Used as an adhesive in face masks and powders

The acacia is a shrub-like tree that has sharp thorns and can grow up to 15 feet tall. Sap from the acacia tree, often called acacia gum, is used for medicinal purposes. Gum arabic (Acacia senegal) is used as an adhesive in face masks and powders, and to give a smooth feel to lotions.

Used in chemical properties of plant's species

Aloe vera gel is used in skin products for its healing properties. The colourless jelly-like leaf parenchyma tissue is used in an extraordinary array of everyday products, from dishwashing liquid to yoghurt. Aloe vera leaf parenchyma (aloe gel) may be effective when used on the skin against psoriasis, burns, frostbite, and sores caused by the Herpes simplex virus. Research has shown that, taken orally, aloe gel can help to lower cholesterol levels in people with high cholesterol, and can help to lower blood glucose levels in people with type II diabetes.

The green outer layer of the leaves of Aloe vera yields a bitter, yellow exudate which has very different properties from those of the colourless parenchyma. The bitter leaf exudate has traditionally been used as a laxative. However, research has indicated that the active constituents may have harmful effects and can interact with other medicines and herbal remedies. It should not be given to children or to pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Used in slimming products

Hoodia gordonii is used in slimming products, and rice starch and oil are used for their alleged anti-ageing properties.

Used as a source of dyes

Used as a source of dyes for skin and hair products, for example Cape chestnut.

Used as antiseptic oils

Antiseptic oils from species such as tea tree, eucalyptus, sweet wormwood and alang-alang are used in a wide range of toiletries. Cape chestnut seed oil is an ingredient in soaps.