Litchi
Litchi stem-end borer (Conopomorpha sinensis)

Image of Litchi stem-end borer (Conopomorpha sinensis)Major insect pests of lychee are lychee stem-end borer (Conopomorpha sinensis), lychee mid vein borer (C. litchiella), aphid (Aphis gossypii and Toxopleura sp.), lychee stink bug (Tessaratoma papillosa), small green beetle (Platymycterus sieversi) and lychee erinose mite (Eriophyes litchi).

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Litchi erinose mite (Eriophyes litchii)

The Litchi erinose mite (Eriophyes litchii) is a tiny pest (1/200 inch [0.13 millimeter] long) that cannot be seen without a microscope, but its damage on lychee is distinctive and often extensive. Leaflets become curled and distorted and have a velvety brown appearance.

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Litchi brown blight (Peronophthora litchi)

Image of Litchi brown blight (Peronophthora litchi)Litchi brown blight is a disease of lychee, causing browning of flowers and dessication of panicles  attacking young and ripe fruits causing brown lesions and white downy growth or premature fruit drop. The disease is the most important disease of lychee. The litchi brown blight disease examined in this import risk analysis is caused by Peronophythora litchii.

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Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)

Image of Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)Anthracnose  (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) is known to infect a wide variety of hosts. Some of the most important diseases that infect tropical fruits and cause major losses include anthracnose (caused by Colletotrichum gloeosprioides Penz.).

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Litchi sudden death (Fusarium solani)

Image of Litchi sudden death (Fusarium solani)Fusarium solani f.sp. pisi is a fungal plant pathogen. Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi widely distributed in soil and in association with plants. Most species are harmless saprobes and are relatively abundant members of the soil microbial community. Some species produce mycotoxins in cereal crops that can affect human and animal health if they enter the food chain. Fusarium solani f.sp. pisi is a fungal plant pathogen.

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Litchi sudden death (Pythium spp.)

Image of Litchi sudden death (Pythium spp.)Pythium root rot is a common crop disease caused by Pythium. These are commonly called water moulds. Pythium damping off is a very common problem in fields, where the organism kills newly emerged seedlings. This disease complex usually involves other pathogens such as Phytophthora and Rhizoctonia.

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Pests and diseases of Litchi

Image of LitchiLitchi is a tropical fruit tree native to southern China. It is also commonly found in Madagascar, India (Muzaffarpur), Bangladesh, Pakistan, southern Taiwan, northern Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Southern Africa. Scientific name is Litchi chinenis Sonn. It is a medicinal plants, provide meaningful inputs for drugs.

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