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Mango Bacterial Canker Disease (Xanthomonas campestris)

Image of Mango Bacterial Canker Disease (Xanthomonas campestris)

Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Xanthomonadales
Family: Xanthomonadaceae

Bacterial black spot, caused by Xanthomonas campestris, is an important disease of mango (Mangifera indica). Xanthomonas is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria known for being a common plant pathogen.  Several other plant genera of the family Anacardiaceae were described as host species for xanthomonads. It  affects many types of hosts, including citrus, beans, grapes, cotton, and rice. X. axonopodis causes citrus cankers and black rot, which affects many commercial plants.