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Datura stramonium

Image1: Datura stramonium

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae
 Division: Magnoliophyta
  Class: Magnoliopsida
   Order: Solanales
    Family: Solanaceae
     Genus: Datura
      Species: D. stramonium

Common Names:  Jimsonweed, Jamestown weed, Thorn Apple, Downy Thornapple, Devil's Trumpet, Angel's Trumpet, Mad Apple, Stink Weed and Tolguacha.

Toxic parts: All parts , Flowers, Leaves, Mature fruit, Seeds, Stems.

Toxic chemicals: Atropine, Hyoscine(Scopolamine), Hyoscyamine.

Description and uses:

  • Datura stramonium is a native of Asia and it was imported to Europe and then to temperate parts of North and South America.
  • Datura stramonium is an annual plant, growing up to a height of 5 feet. Upon maturity, the plant releases tiny black seeds from spiny capsules. The flowers are white or purple,shaped like a five-sided funnel, 2-4 in (5.1-10.2 cm) long. The green calyx covers about half the length of the corolla. The fruit is about 2 in (5.1 cm) long, egg-shaped. It starts out green and ripens to brown.
  • All parts of the Datura stramonium have medicinal value but only the leaves and seeds are official.Datura stramonium was used internally to treat madness, epilepsy, and depression. Externally, it formed the basis of ointments for burns and rheumatism. In low doses, it is used as a common remedy for asthma, whooping cough, muscle spasm and symptoms of Parkinsonism.
  • Datura stramonium is a very poisonous plant. Cattle and sheep have died from eating it, and children have been poisoned by sucking nectar from the flowers. Symptoms include dilated pupils, thirst, fever, loss of coordination, confusion, rapid pulse, labored respiration, hallucinations, convulsions, and eventual coma. Death is rare however, and, if stomach contents are removed immediately, recovery usually follows in several days.